|France. License: CC BY-SA|
The French rules Syria with a focus to support minority distinctiveness and autonomy. Given that Syria is made up of Sunni Arabs (60%), Sunni Kurds (8%), Alawites (11-12%), Druze (3%), Shi'is (2%), Greek Orthodox Christians (5%), Greek Catholics (3%), and Armenians (4%), it is no wonder that the chaos that's seen today is a reflection of the French separatist policies that were implemented. The French purposely maintains and promotes a sectarian difference.
There is no sense of centralized authority or political community even after Syria gaines its independence in 1945 from France. After independence, Syria becomes one of the most destabilized countries in the region until about the 1960's when the Ba'th Party comes to power. The new rulers will introduce new sets of political and social order that will stabilize Syria unlike what we see today.