|Xinjiang Uighur Autonomous Region|
China has been forced to adopt a new definition for terrorism since the communist country is experiencing increased terrorist attacks in its western provinces. By formalizing a definition, China can target specific groups from other criminal enterprises, freeze bank accounts that fund terrorist activities, and promote international cooperation. China defines the goal of terrorism:
"to create terror in society, harm public security or threaten national institutions and international organizations and by using violence, sabotage, intimidation and other methods to cause or intend to cause human casualties, great loss to property, harm to public infrastructure, chaos to the social order and other severe social damage."
The Uighurs, a Turkic and traditionally Muslim ethnic group, located in China's western Xinjiang region has been accused of starting riots and carrying out bombings and other acts of violence. They are claimed to be supported by Pakistan's Turkistan Islamic Party and the East Turkistan Islamic Movement. These groups operate in Pakistan's tribal regions where Islamabad is ineffective.
A Recent History of Unrest in Xinjiang
Xinjiang Province: Terror Across Central Asia