13.11.97

Terrorist Trail To 9/11

The following article describes anti-American sentiments by Pakistani Muslims who are partial to the sentencing of Mir Amal Kansi. Mr. Kansi was taken from Pakistan covertly and convicted in an America court for killing 2 C.I.A. employees and wounding 3 others. The killings of the 4 American oil auditors were revenge for Kansi's conviction. The people and organizations behind the killings may have been associated with the planning of 9/11.




4 Americans Slain in Pakistan; Link to Killing at C.I.A. Is Seen

By JOHN F. BURNS
November 13, 1997

KARACHI, Pakistan, Nov. 12— Gunmen leaped from a car during the morning rush hour in the central business district here today, fired virtually at point-blank range and killed four Americans working as auditors for a Texas-based oil and gas company and their Pakistani driver. The police said they were looking for at least four men in what they called a terrorist attack.

The five victims, employees of Houston-based Union Texas Petroleum, appeared to have died instantly when the assailants circled the Americans' station wagon and riddled it with bullets.

As the assailants fled, abandoning their car a short distance away, the victims lay in their vehicle for 40 minutes under the gaze of a rush-hour crowd before being taken to the Aga Khan Hospital five miles away, where they were pronounced dead.

Executives of the American company's Pakistan subsidiary identified the dead Americans as Ephrahim C. Egbu, 42; Joel B. Enlow, 40; William L. Jennings, 49; and Tracy L. Ritchie, 41. The executives said the Americans, all of Houston, had been in Karachi for varying periods of up to three weeks preparing the local company's annual audit, and had found nothing in the company's books that might have provoked the attack. The dead driver was identified as Anwar Mirza, 51, of Karachi.

The attack, which police officials said was probably linked to the conviction of a Pakistani in the killing of two Central Intelligence Agency employees outside Washington, sent shock waves through the small American community here, already traumatized by an attack in March 1995 in which two American diplomats were gunned down as they drove to work in the city.

After taking a call from Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif expressing Pakistan's condolences, Arnold G. Hoffman, president of Union Texas' Pakistan subsidiary, called the killings ''a terrible and tragic loss for the families, Union Texas and for Pakistan.''

He added, ''At this time, we do not know the reason for this attack and we are fully cooperating with local officials in their investigation.''

Police officials called the shooting as ''a vicious, organized terrorist attack.'' They said that two of the suspects, described as being clean-shaven and in their mid-20's, hijacked the Honda used by the assailants from a textile factory owner Monday in Karachi, a city that has become synonymous in Pakistan for waves of ethnic and sectarian violence that have killed at least 5,000 people in the last five years.

Other than that, the police appeared to have no firm clues.

Nevertheless, senior police officers said the most likely motive had been to avenge a Pakistani citizen, Mir Amal Kansi, who was convicted by a jury on Tuesday in Fairfax, Va., of murdering the two Central Intelligence Agency employees in a 1993 shooting, and of wounding three other C.I.A. men, outside C.I.A. headquarters in Langley, Va.

Militants in Mr. Kansi's native province, Baluchistan, had vowed to seek revenge after Mr. Kansi was seized by American and Pakistani agents during a stayover in the Pakistani city of Dera Ismail Khan in June, then flown to the United States aboard an American military plane without any extradition or other court hearing in Pakistan.

Mr. Kansi's conviction was a leading item in Pakistani radio and television news reports on Tuesday night and in newspapers this morning.

The State Department was concerned enough about a possible attack on Americans after the Kansi verdict that it issued a formal advisory in Washington on Tuesday warning Americans in Pakistan to be especially alert because of the risks of retaliation by Mr. Kansi's sympathizers, and to avoid visiting Baluchistan and other areas of Pakistan.

But several American business executives living in the city said the first they knew of the State Department warning was when they read accounts of it in this morning's Pakstani newspapers, at about the time the Americans were killed.

One American executive with a family living in the city said the American community relied on a warden system, in which Americans pass on warnings of enhanced security risks that are passed on to them by the American Consulate.

''But I checked with several of the wardens, and none them knew a thing about the Kansi warning,' he said. ''I guess that somewhere along the line the communications failed.''

In a telephone call to the consulate to inquire about the issue, officials said they were too busy to discuss any aspect of the killings.

For many Americans here, the killings shootings were eerily similar to the 1995 attack, which occurred on the airport highway about three miles from the scene of today's incident. Although Pakistani officials said at the time that one of the Americans who died in the 1995 shooting, Gary Durrell, was known to them as an employee of the Central Intelligence Agency, no motive for the attack on the diplomats was ever established, at least publicly.

When Pakistani officials announced this summer that a man held in Karachi Central Prison on another charge had confessed under questioning to having been part of the gang that carried out the 1995 attack, a breakthrough in the case seemed possible. But several months later, no charges against the man, who uses the gangland nickname Tufu, have been brought.

Asked about the case today, jail officials said that Tufu had claimed to have been in a backup vehicle for the attack on the diplomats, and had said that he did not know why the diplomats had been killed.

Comparing the 1995 killings and the attack today, some Pakistanis suggested that both incidents, rather than being reactions to particular actions or policies of the United States, could have sprung from the same anti-American feeling among some Pakistani Muslims that prosecutors in the Kansi case have given as Mr. Kansi's motive for killing the C.I.A. employees, Lansing Bennett and Frank Darling.

In the Fairfax court, the prosecutors said Mr. Kansi had been motivated by anger at United States policies that he believed created suffering among Palestinians, Bosnian Muslims and others.

In recent years, Pakistan, having lost all American military and economic aid because of its covert program to develop nuclear weapons, has tried to attract new American business investment here, but even this has faltered as a result of endemic political corruption and the threat posed by terrorism.

Although Karachi has a population of more than 12 million people and serves as the hub of industrial and financial activity for a country with a population of 130 million, there are fewer than 100 American business executives here.

Union Texas, the employer of today's victims, is one of the largest American companies here, employing 600 people and producing about half of Pakistan's oil production.

After the killings today, the number of Americans here seemed likely to fall still further. At the Sheraton and Pearl Continental Hotels 300 yards from the scene of today's shootings, where the four dead Americans had been staying, other American executives who were ordered out of Pakistan by their companies in the hours after the killings lined up at travel counters to book the earliest flights home.

''I told my boss I'd rather stay and complete my business,'' an American insurance executive said as he booked a flight through Dubai, in the United Arab Emirates, to Istanbul, where he said he made his base. ''But I wasn't given any choice. My boss just said: 'Get out there. We're not going to take any risks.' ''

Photos: Although the attack that killed four Americans and their driver came during morning rush hour, the gunmen managed to escape. (Agence France-Presse)(pg. A1); Pakistani policemen kept watch on the street leading to the residence of the United States Consul in Karachi yesterday. Security was tightened after gunmen killed four Americans and their Pakistani driver. (Reuters)(pg. A10)

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Known Terrorist Groups

Al-Qaida has cooperated with a number of known terrorist groups worldwide including:

  • Armed Islamic Group
  • Salafist Group for Call and Combat and the Armed Islamic Group
  • Egyptian Islamic Jihad (Egypt)
  • Al-Gama’a al-Islamiyya
  • Jamaat Islamiyya
  • The Libyan Islamic Fighting Group
  • Bayt al-Imam (Jordan)
  • Lashkar-e-Taiba and Jaish-e-Muhammad (Kashmir)
  • Asbat al Ansar
  • Hezbollah (Lebanon)
  • Al-Badar
  • Harakat ul Ansar/Mujahadeen
  • Al-Hadith
  • Harakat ul Jihad
  • Jaish Mohammed - JEM
  • Jamiat Ulema-e-Islam
  • Jamiat-ul-Ulema-e-Pakistan
  • Laskar e-Toiba - LET
  • Moro Islamic Liberation Front (the Philippines)
  • Abu Sayyaf Group (Malaysia, Philippines)
  • Al-Ittihad Al Islamiya - AIAI (Somalia)
  • Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan
  • Islamic Army of Aden (Yemen)
  • Armed Islamic Group
  • Salafist Group for Call and Combat and the Armed Islamic Group
  • Egyptian Islamic Jihad (Egypt)
  • Al-Gama’a al-Islamiyya
  • Jamaat Islamiyya
  • The Libyan Islamic Fighting Group
  • Bayt al-Imam (Jordan)
  • Lashkar-e-Taiba and Jaish-e-Muhammad (Kashmir)
  • Asbat al Ansar
  • Hezbollah (Lebanon)
  • Al-Badar
  • Harakat ul Ansar/Mujahadeen
  • Al-Hadith
  • Harakat ul Jihad
  • Jaish Mohammed - JEM
  • Jamiat Ulema-e-Islam
  • Jamiat-ul-Ulema-e-Pakistan
  • Laskar e-Toiba - LET
  • Moro Islamic Liberation Front (the Philippines)
  • Abu Sayyaf Group (Malaysia, Philippines)
  • Al-Ittihad Al Islamiya - AIAI (Somalia)
  • Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan
  • Islamic Army of Aden (Yemen)
  • Jihad and the Internet

    Let’s not fool ourselves. Whatever threat the real Afghanistan poses to U.S. national security, the “Virtual Afghanistan” now poses just as big a threat. The Virtual Afghanistan is the network of hundreds of jihadist Web sites that inspire, train, educate and recruit young Muslims to engage in jihad against America and the West. Whatever surge we do in the real Afghanistan has no chance of being a self-sustaining success, unless there is a parallel surge — by Arab and Muslim political and religious leaders — against those who promote violent jihadism on the ground in Muslim lands and online in the Virtual Afghanistan.

    Thomas L. Friedman
    New York Times
    15 Dec 2009

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